Emmanuel de Rohan de Polduc

The 70th Grandmaster of

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 The Sovereign Military and Hospitaller
Order of St. John
of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta


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12 November 1775 - 13 July 1797

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Grand Master Emmanuel de Rohan (1775-97) was a different type of man. He was a French aristocrat and did his best to revive the principles and the tenets of the Order. But it was too late. The decline of the Order had already began and could not be stopped. The Knights were a new generation and had long circumvented their monastic vows and the vows of poverty. The Ottoman Empire was on the wane and the original motivation of the Order had become superfluous. Incidents between the Knights and the Maltese people were frequent during de Rohan's troubled days. The ships of the Order were a magnificent spectacle, gorgeous and majestic, but no longer suited for the time. This was a period of decay and to replenish his depleted treasury he had to resort to selling these vessels to the Kings of Naples and Spain. After the French Revolution the Order was despoiled of its property in France, though de Rohan had rightly refused to join the French against England who was mistress of the sea. Throughout his rule the Grand Master did his best to save the Order from total destruction and to further the well-being of the Maltese people. No wonder, therefore, that when he died desolation spread throughout the island.


THIRTY TARI'.  1790.

Obv.F EMMANUEL DE ROHAN M M -
Bust of the Grand Master, r.
Rev. HOSPITA ETS. SEP HIERUS. 1790-
Arms of the Grand Master on a headless eagle, surmounted
by a crown


TWO  SCUDI.  1796.

Obv.  F  EMMANUEL DE ROHAN  M  M  -
Bust of Grand Master r.,
Rev. Arms of the Order on an eight- pointed cross, olive branches around


SCUDO. 1776. 

Obv. F EMMANUEL DE ROHAN M M - 
Bust of Grand Master r., 
Rev. Arms of the Order on an eight- pointed cross,olive
branches around.


SIX TARI'. 1776. 

Obv. F EMMANUEL DE ROHAN M M H S -
Arms of the Grand Master on a headless eagle, surmounted
by a crown
Rev. Wreath of palm and olive branches, value T. VI and
date 1776 in certre.


FOUR TARI'. 1779. 

Obv. F EMMANUEL DE ROHAN M M H S -
Arms of the Grand Master on a headless eagle, surmounted
by a crown
Rev. Wreath of palm and olive branches, value T. IV and
date 1779 in certre.


TWO TARI'. 1796. 

Obv. F EMMANUEL DE ROHAN M -
Arms of the Grand Master De Rohan on a headless eagle.
Rev. + M H ET SEPUL HIERUSALE -
Eight-pointed cross of the Order, 1776 in angles


ONE TARI'. 1796. 

Obv. F EMMANUEL DE ROHAN M -
Arms of De Rohan, olive branches around.
Rev. + M HOSPI ET S SEP HIER 1777-
Wreath of palm leaves , T. 1: in centre.

Quoted from: Degree Miniatures

History Of the Knights of Malta

This page ist part of "The Grandmasters of the Sovereign Military and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta"

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